We analyze the drunkard's walk on the unit sphere with step size $\theta$ and show that the walk converges in order $C/\sin^2(\theta)$ steps in the discrepancy metric ($C$ a constant). This is an application of techniques we develop for bounding the discrepancy of random walks on Gelfand pairs generated by bi-invariant measures. In such cases, Fourier analysis on the acting group admits tractable computations involving spherical functions. We advocate the use of discrepancy as a metric on probabilities for state spaces with isometric group actions.
"Discrepancy Convergence for the Drunkard's Walk on the Sphere." Electron. J. Probab. 6 1 - 20, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1214/EJP.v6-75