We prove that the number of maximal points in a random sample taken uniformly and independently from a convex polygon is asymptotically normal in the sense of convergence in distribution. Many new results for other planar regions are also derived. In particular, precise Poisson approximation results are given for the number of maxima in regions bounded above by a nondecreasing curve.
"Limit Theorems for the Number of Maxima in Random Samples from Planar Regions." Electron. J. Probab. 6 1 - 41, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1214/EJP.v6-76