The Annals of Statistics

Asymptotically Optimal Tests for Conditional Distributions

M. Falk and F. Marohn

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Let $(X_1,Y_1),\cdots,(X_n,Y_n)$ be independent replicates of the random vector $(X,Y)\in \mathbb{R}^{d+m}$, where X is $\mathbb{R}^d$-valued and Y is $\mathbb{R}^m$-valued. We assume that the conditional distribution $P(Y\in\cdot|X=x)=Q_\vartheta(\cdot)$ of Y given X = x is a member of a parametric family, where the parameter space $\Theta$ is an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^k$ with $0\in\Theta$. Under suitable regularity conditions we establish upper bounds for the power functions of asymptotic level-$\infty$ tests for the problem $\vartheta=0$ against a sequence of contiguous alternatives, as well as asymptotically optimal tests which attain these bounds. Since the testing problem involves the joint density of (X,Y) as an infinite dimensional nuisance parameter, its solution is not standard. A Monte Carlo simulation exemplifies the influence of this nuisance parameter. As a main tool we establish local asymptotic normality (LAN) of certain Poisson point processes which approximately describe our initial sample.

Article information

Ann. Statist., Volume 21, Number 1 (1993), 45-60.

First available in Project Euclid: 12 April 2007

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Digital Object Identifier

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier


Primary: 62F03: Hypothesis testing
Secondary: 62F05: Asymptotic properties of tests

Conditional distribution optimal tests contiguous alternatives LAN empirical point process Poisson point process Monte Carlo simulation


Falk, M.; Marohn, F. Asymptotically Optimal Tests for Conditional Distributions. Ann. Statist. 21 (1993), no. 1, 45--60. doi:10.1214/aos/1176349014.

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