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A famous identity of Gauss gives a closed form expression for the values of the digamma function $\psi(x)$ at rational arguments $x$ in terms of elementary functions. Linear combinations of such values are intimately connected with a conjecture of Erdős which asserts non vanishing of an infinite series associated to a certain class of periodic arithmetic functions. In this note we give a different proof for the identity of Gauss using an orthogonality like relation satisfied by these functions. As a by product we are able to give a new interpretation for $n$th Catalan number in terms of these functions.