We consider the spread of a supercritical stochastic (Susceptible, Infectious, Recovered) epidemic on a configuration model random graph. We mainly focus on the final stages of a large outbreak and provide limit results for the duration of the entire epidemic, while we allow for non-exponential distributions of the infectious period and for both finite and infinite variance of the asymptotic degree distribution in the graph.
Our analysis relies on the analysis of some subcritical continuous time branching processes and on ideas from first passage percolation.
As an application we investigate the effect of vaccination with an all-or-nothing vaccine on the duration of the epidemic. We show that if vaccination fails to prevent the epidemic, it often – but not always – increases the duration of the epidemic.
This research is funded by the Swedish Research Council (grant 2016-04566, awarded to PT).
We are grateful to two reviewers for useful and constructive comments.
"The duration of a supercritical epidemic on a configuration model." Electron. J. Probab. 26 1 - 49, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1214/21-EJP679