A class of random hazard rates, which is defined as a mixture of an indicator kernel convolved with a completely random measure, is of interest. We provide an explicit characterization of the posterior distribution of this mixture hazard rate model via a finite mixture of S-paths. A closed and tractable Bayes estimator for the hazard rate is derived to be a finite sum over S-paths. The path characterization or the estimator is proved to be a Rao–Blackwellization of an existing partition characterization or partition-sum estimator. This accentuates the importance of S-paths in Bayesian modeling of monotone hazard rates. An efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method is proposed to approximate this class of estimates. It is shown that S-path characterization also exists in modeling with covariates by a proportional hazard model, and the proposed algorithm again applies. Numerical results of the method are given to demonstrate its practicality and effectiveness.
"A Bayes method for a monotone hazard rate via S-paths." Ann. Statist. 34 (2) 820 - 836, April 2006. https://doi.org/10.1214/009053606000000047