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We construct explicit compact solutions with non-zero field strength, non-flat instanton and constant dilaton to the heterotic string equations in dimensions 7 and 8. We present a quadratic condition on the curvature, which is necessary and sufficient the heterotic supersymmetry and the anomaly cancellation to imply the heterotic equations of motion in dimensions 7 and 8. We show that some of our examples are compact supersymmetric solutions of the heterotic equations of motion in dimensions 7 and 8.
Using the categorical description of supergeometry we give an explicit construction of the diffeomorphism supergroup of a compact finitedimensional supermanifold. The construction provides the diffeomorphism supergroup with the structure of a Fréchet supermanifold. In addition, we derive results about the structure of diffeomorphism supergroups.
In six dimensions, cancellation of gauge, gravitational, and mixed anomalies strongly constrains the set of quantum field theories, which can be coupled consistently to gravity. We show that for some classes of six-dimensional (6D) supersymmetric gauge theories coupled to gravity, the anomaly cancellation conditions are equivalent to tadpole cancellation and other constraints on the matter content of heterotic/type I compactifications on K3. In these cases, all consistent 6D supergravity theories have a realization in string theory. We find one example that may arise from a novel string compactification, and we identify a new infinite family of models satisfying anomaly factorization. We find, however, that this infinite family of models, as well as other infinite families of models previously identified by Schwarz are pathological. We suggest that it may be feasible to demonstrate that there is a string theoretic realization of all consistent 6D supergravity theories which have Lagrangian descriptions with arbitrary gauge and matter content. We attempt to frame this hypothesis of string universality as a concrete conjecture.
The discovery of the radiation properties of black holes prompted the search for a natural candidate quantum ground state for a massless scalar field theory on Schwarzschild spacetime, here considered in the Eddington–Finkelstein representation. Among the several available proposals in the literature, an important physical role is played by the so-called Unruh state, which is supposed to be appropriate to capture the physics of a black hole formed by spherically symmetric collapsing matter. Within this respect, we shall consider a massless Klein–Gordon field and we shall rigorously and globally construct such state, that is on the algebra of Weyl observables localised in the union of the static external region, the future event horizon and the non-static black hole region. Eventually, out of a careful use of microlocal techniques, we prove that the built state fulfils, where defined, the so-called Hadamard condition; hence, it is perturbatively stable, in other words realizing the natural candidate with which one could study purely quantum phenomena such as the role of the back reaction of Hawking’s radiation.
From a geometrical point of view, we shall make a profitable use of a bulk-to-boundary reconstruction technique which carefully exploits the Killing horizon structure as well as the conformal asymptotic behaviour of the underlying background. From an analytical point of view, our tools will range from Hörmander’s theorem on propagation of singularities, results on the role of passive states, and a detailed use of the recently discovered peeling behaviour of the solutions of the wave equation in Schwarzschild spacetime.
Homotopy braid group description including cyclotron motion of charged interacting two-dimensional (2D) particles at strong magnetic field presence is developed in order to explain, in algebraic topology terms, Laughlin correlations in fractional quantum Hall systems. There are introduced special cyclotron braid subgroups of a full braid group with 1D unitary representations suitable to satisfy Laughlin correlation requirements. In this way an implementation of composite fermions (fermions with auxiliary flux quanta attached in order to reproduce Laughlin correlations) is formulated within uniform for all 2D particles braid group approach. The fictitious fluxes — vortices attached to the composite fermions in a traditional formulation are replaced with additional cyclotron trajectory loops unavoidably occurring when ordinary cyclotron radius is too short in comparison to particle separation and does not allow for particle interchanges along single-loop cyclotron braids. Additional loops enhance the effective cyclotron radius and restore particle interchanges. A new type of 2D particles — composite anyons is also defined via unitary representations of cyclotron braid subgroups. It is demonstrated that composite fermions and composite anyons are rightful 2D particles, not auxiliary compositions with fictitious fluxes and are associated with cyclotron braid subgroups instead of the full braid group, which may open also a new opportunity for non-Abelian composite anyons for topological quantum information processing applications, due to richer representations of subgroup than of a group.
We discuss the relation between Liouville theory and the Hitchin integrable system, which can be seen in two ways as a two step process involving quantization and hyperkähler rotation. The modular duality of Liouville theory and the relation between Liouville theory and the SL(2)-WZNW-model give a new perspective on the geometric Langlands correspondence and on its relation to conformal field theory.
We give a quantum deformation of the chiral super Minkowski space in four dimensions as the big cell inside a quantum super Grassmannian. The quantization is performed in such way that the actions of the Poincar´e and conformal quantum supergroups on the quantum Minkowski and quantum conformal superspaces are preserved.