Nagoya Mathematical Journal
- Nagoya Math. J.
- Volume 219 (2015), 127-234.
Semiclassical orthogonal polynomial systems on nonuniform lattices, deformations of the Askey table, and analogues of isomonodromy
A -semiclassical weight is one which satisfies a particular linear, first-order homogeneous equation in a divided-difference operator . It is known that the system of polynomials, orthogonal with respect to this weight, and the associated functions satisfy a linear, first-order homogeneous matrix equation in the divided-difference operator termed the spectral equation. Attached to the spectral equation is a structure which constitutes a number of relations such as those arising from compatibility with the three-term recurrence relation. Here this structure is elucidated in the general case of quadratic lattices. The simplest examples of the -semiclassical orthogonal polynomial systems are precisely those in the Askey table of hypergeometric and basic hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials. However within the -semiclassical class it is entirely natural to define a generalization of the Askey table weights which involve a deformation with respect to new deformation variables. We completely construct the analogous structures arising from such deformations and their relations with the other elements of the theory. As an example we treat the first nontrivial deformation of the Askey–Wilson orthogonal polynomial system defined by the -quadratic divided-difference operator, the Askey–Wilson operator, and derive the coupled first-order divided-difference equations characterizing its evolution in the deformation variable. We show that this system is a member of a sequence of classical solutions to the -Painlevé system.
Nagoya Math. J., Volume 219 (2015), 127-234.
Received: 9 May 2012
Accepted: 31 October 2014
First available in Project Euclid: 20 October 2015
Permanent link to this document
Digital Object Identifier
Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
Zentralblatt MATH identifier
Primary: 39A05: General theory
Secondary: 42C05: Orthogonal functions and polynomials, general theory [See also 33C45, 33C50, 33D45] 34M55: Painlevé and other special equations; classification, hierarchies; 34M56: Isomonodromic deformations 33C45: Orthogonal polynomials and functions of hypergeometric type (Jacobi, Laguerre, Hermite, Askey scheme, etc.) [See also 42C05 for general orthogonal polynomials and functions] 37K35: Lie-Bäcklund and other transformations
Witte, N. S. Semiclassical orthogonal polynomial systems on nonuniform lattices, deformations of the Askey table, and analogues of isomonodromy. Nagoya Math. J. 219 (2015), 127--234. doi:10.1215/00277630-3140952. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.nmj/1445345520