Differential and Integral Equations

A unified asymptotic behavior of boundary blow-up solutions to elliptic equations

Shuibo Huang, Wan-Tong Li, and Mingxin Wang

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We study unified asymptotic behavior of boundary blow-up solutions to semilinear elliptic equations of the form $$ \begin{cases} \Delta u=b(x)f(u) , & x\in \Omega ,\\ u(x)=\infty , & x\in\partial\Omega , \end{cases} $$ where $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^N$ is a bounded smooth domain, $b(x)=0$ on $\partial\Omega$ is a non-negative function on $\Omega$, $f$ is non-negative on $[0,\infty)$, and $f(u)/u$ is increasing on $(0,\infty)$, $f(\mathcal {L}(u))= u^{\rho+r}\mathcal {L}'(u)$ as $u\rightarrow\infty$ with $\rho>1-r$ and $0\leq r\leq1$, where $\mathcal{L}\in C^3([A,\infty))$ satisfying $ \lim_{u\rightarrow\infty}\mathcal{L}(u)=\infty$, $\mathcal {L}'\in NRV_{-r}$. In our previous results, we obtained an explicit unified expression of boundary blow-up solutions when $f$ is normalized regularly varying at infinity with index $\rho/(1-r)>1$ or grows at infinity faster than any power function. The effect of the mean curvature of the boundary in the second-order approximation was also discussed. In this paper, we will establish the second-order approximation of boundary blow-up solutions which depends on the distance of $x$ from the boundary $\partial\Omega$. Our analysis is based on the Karamata regular variation theory.

Article information

Differential Integral Equations, Volume 26, Number 7/8 (2013), 675-692.

First available in Project Euclid: 20 May 2013

Permanent link to this document

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 35J75: Singular elliptic equations 35B40: Asymptotic behavior of solutions


Huang, Shuibo; Li, Wan-Tong; Wang, Mingxin. A unified asymptotic behavior of boundary blow-up solutions to elliptic equations. Differential Integral Equations 26 (2013), no. 7/8, 675--692. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1369057811

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