• Bernoulli
  • Volume 20, Number 3 (2014), 1260-1291.

Bayesian inference with dependent normalized completely random measures

Antonio Lijoi, Bernardo Nipoti, and Igor Prünster

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The proposal and study of dependent prior processes has been a major research focus in the recent Bayesian nonparametric literature. In this paper, we introduce a flexible class of dependent nonparametric priors, investigate their properties and derive a suitable sampling scheme which allows their concrete implementation. The proposed class is obtained by normalizing dependent completely random measures, where the dependence arises by virtue of a suitable construction of the Poisson random measures underlying the completely random measures. We first provide general distributional results for the whole class of dependent completely random measures and then we specialize them to two specific priors, which represent the natural candidates for concrete implementation due to their analytic tractability: the bivariate Dirichlet and normalized $\sigma$-stable processes. Our analytical results, and in particular the partially exchangeable partition probability function, form also the basis for the determination of a Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithm for drawing posterior inferences, which reduces to the well-known Blackwell–MacQueen Pólya urn scheme in the univariate case. Such an algorithm can be used for density estimation and for analyzing the clustering structure of the data and is illustrated through a real two-sample dataset example.

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Bernoulli, Volume 20, Number 3 (2014), 1260-1291.

First available in Project Euclid: 11 June 2014

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completely random measure dependent Poisson processes Dirichlet process generalized Polýa urn scheme infinitely divisible vector normalized $\sigma$-stable process partially exchangeable random partition


Lijoi, Antonio; Nipoti, Bernardo; Prünster, Igor. Bayesian inference with dependent normalized completely random measures. Bernoulli 20 (2014), no. 3, 1260--1291. doi:10.3150/13-BEJ521.

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