The Annals of Statistics

Large-sample study of the kernel density estimators under multiplicative censoring

Masoud Asgharian, Marco Carone, and Vahid Fakoor

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The multiplicative censoring model introduced in Vardi [Biometrika 76 (1989) 751–761] is an incomplete data problem whereby two independent samples from the lifetime distribution G, $\mathcal{X}_{m}=(X_{1},\ldots,X_{m})$ and $\mathcal{Z}_{n}=(Z_{1},\ldots,Z_{n})$, are observed subject to a form of coarsening. Specifically, sample $\mathcal{X}_{m}$ is fully observed while $\mathcal{Y}_{n}=(Y_{1},\ldots,Y_{n})$ is observed instead of $\mathcal{Z}_{n}$, where Yi = UiZi and (U1, …, Un) is an independent sample from the standard uniform distribution. Vardi [Biometrika 76 (1989) 751–761] showed that this model unifies several important statistical problems, such as the deconvolution of an exponential random variable, estimation under a decreasing density constraint and an estimation problem in renewal processes. In this paper, we establish the large-sample properties of kernel density estimators under the multiplicative censoring model. We first construct a strong approximation for the process $\sqrt{k}(\hat{G}-G)$, where Ĝ is a solution of the nonparametric score equation based on $(\mathcal{X}_{m},\mathcal{Y}_{n})$, and k = m + n is the total sample size. Using this strong approximation and a result on the global modulus of continuity, we establish conditions for the strong uniform consistency of kernel density estimators. We also make use of this strong approximation to study the weak convergence and integrated squared error properties of these estimators. We conclude by extending our results to the setting of length-biased sampling.

Article information

Ann. Statist., Volume 40, Number 1 (2012), 159-187.

First available in Project Euclid: 15 March 2012

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 62N01: Censored data models
Secondary: 62G07: Density estimation

Integrated squared error kernel density estimation length-biased sampling modulus of continuity multiplicative censoring strong approximation


Asgharian, Masoud; Carone, Marco; Fakoor, Vahid. Large-sample study of the kernel density estimators under multiplicative censoring. Ann. Statist. 40 (2012), no. 1, 159--187. doi:10.1214/11-AOS954.

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