Little known relations of the renown concept of the halfspace depth for multivariate data with notions from convex and affine geometry are discussed. Maximum halfspace depth may be regarded as a measure of symmetry for random vectors. As such, the maximum depth stands as a generalization of a measure of symmetry for convex sets, well studied in geometry. Under a mild assumption, the upper level sets of the halfspace depth coincide with the convex floating bodies of measures used in the definition of the affine surface area for convex bodies in Euclidean spaces. These connections enable us to partially resolve some persistent open problems regarding theoretical properties of the depth.
Stanislav Nagy. Carsten Schütt. Elisabeth M. Werner. "Halfspace depth and floating body." Statist. Surv. 13 52 - 118, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1214/19-SS123