Open Access
August 2014 Instrumental Variables Before and LATEr
Toru Kitagawa
Statist. Sci. 29(3): 359-362 (August 2014). DOI: 10.1214/14-STS494


The modern formulation of the instrumental variable methods initiated the valuable interactions between economics and statistics literatures of causal inference and fueled new innovations of the idea. It helped resolving the long-standing confusion that the statisticians used to have on the method, and encouraged the economists to rethink how to make use of instrumental variables in policy analysis.


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Toru Kitagawa. "Instrumental Variables Before and LATEr." Statist. Sci. 29 (3) 359 - 362, August 2014.


Published: August 2014
First available in Project Euclid: 23 September 2014

zbMATH: 1331.62475
MathSciNet: MR3264546
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/14-STS494

Keywords: instrumental variables , treatment choice , treatment effect

Rights: Copyright © 2014 Institute of Mathematical Statistics

Vol.29 • No. 3 • August 2014
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