Kyoto J. Math. Advance Publication, 1-27, (2023) DOI: 10.1215/21562261-10607383
KEYWORDS: Space of varying dimension, Brownian motion, Random walk, Skorokhod space, Dirichlet form, 60J60, 60J35, 31C25, 60H30, 60J45
In this paper, we study a discrete approximation to Brownian motion with varying dimension (BMVD) introduced by Chen and Lou in their 2019 paper with continuous time random walks on square lattices. The state space of BMVD contains a 2-dimensional component, a 3-dimensional component, and a “darning point” which joins these two components. Such a state space is equipped with the geodesic distance under which BMVD is a diffusion process. In this paper, we prove that BMVD restricted on a bounded domain containing the darning point is the weak limit of continuous-time reversible random walks with exponential holding times.