The Lefschetz question asks if multiplication by a power of a general linear form, , on a graded algebra has maximal rank (in every degree). We consider a quotient by an ideal that is generated by powers of linear forms. Then the Lefschetz question is, for example, related to the problem whether a set of fat points imposes the expected number of conditions on a linear system of hypersurfaces of fixed degree. Our starting point is a result that relates Lefschetz properties in different rings. It suggests to use induction on the number of variables, . If , then it is known that multiplication by always has maximal rank. We show that the same is true for multiplication by if all linear forms are general. Furthermore, we give a complete description of when multiplication by has maximal rank (and its failure when it does not). As a consequence, for such ideals that contain a quadratic or cubic generator, we establish results on the so-called strong Lefschetz property for ideals in variables, and the weak Lefschetz property for ideals in variables.
"The Lefschetz question for ideals generated by powers of linear forms in few variables." J. Commut. Algebra 13 (3) 381 - 405, Fall 2021. https://doi.org/10.1216/jca.2021.13.381