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2022 Quantitative approximate independence for continuous mean field Gibbs measures
Daniel Lacker
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Electron. J. Probab. 27: 1-21 (2022). DOI: 10.1214/22-EJP743


Many Gibbs measures with mean field interactions are known to be chaotic, in the sense that any collection of k particles in the n-particle system are asymptotically independent, as n with k fixed or perhaps k=o(n). This paper quantifies this notion for a class of continuous Gibbs measures on Euclidean space with pairwise interactions, with main examples being systems governed by convex interactions and uniformly convex confinement potentials. The distance between the marginal law of k particles and its limiting product measure is shown to be O((kn)c2), with c proportional to the squared temperature. In the high temperature case, this improves upon prior results based on subadditivity of entropy, which yield O(kn) at best. The bound O((kn)2) cannot be improved, as a Gaussian example demonstrates. The results are non-asymptotic, and distance is quantified via relative Fisher information, relative entropy, or the squared quadratic Wasserstein metric. The method relies on an a priori functional inequality for the limiting measure, used to derive an estimate for the k-particle distance in terms of the (k+1)-particle distance.

Funding Statement

This work was partially supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Grant FA9550-19-1-0291.


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Daniel Lacker. "Quantitative approximate independence for continuous mean field Gibbs measures." Electron. J. Probab. 27 1 - 21, 2022.


Received: 21 June 2021; Accepted: 12 January 2022; Published: 2022
First available in Project Euclid: 28 January 2022

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/22-EJP743

Primary: 60F05 , 82B21

Keywords: Fisher information , Gibbs measures , mean field limit , propagation of chaos , Relative entropy


Vol.27 • 2022
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