We study the random planar maps obtained from supercritical Galton–Watson trees by adding the horizontal connections between successive vertices at each level. These are the hyperbolic analog of the maps studied by Curien, Hutchcroft and Nachmias in , and a natural model of random hyperbolic geometry. We first establish metric hyperbolicity properties of these maps: we show that they admit bi-infinite geodesics and satisfy a weak version of Gromov-hyperbolicity. We also study the simple random walk on these maps: we identify their Poisson boundary and, in the case where the underlying tree has no leaf, we prove that the random walk has positive speed. Some of the methods used here are robust, and allow us to obtain more general results about planar maps containing a supercritical Galton–Watson tree.
"Supercritical causal maps: geodesics and simple random walk." Electron. J. Probab. 24 1 - 43, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1214/19-EJP341