Open Access
2017 Finitely dependent insertion processes
Avi Levy
Electron. J. Probab. 22: 1-19 (2017). DOI: 10.1214/17-EJP35


A $q$-coloring of $\mathbb Z$ is a random process assigning one of $q$ colors to each integer in such a way that consecutive integers receive distinct colors. A process is $k$-dependent if any two sets of integers separated by a distance greater than $k$ receive independent colorings. Holroyd and Liggett constructed the first stationary $k$-dependent $q$-colorings by introducing an insertion algorithm on the complete graph $K_q$. We extend their construction from complete graphs to weighted directed graphs. We show that complete multipartite analogues of $K_3$ and $K_4$ are the only graphs whose insertion process is finitely dependent and whose insertion algorithm is consistent. In particular, there are no other such graphs among all unweighted graphs and among all loopless complete weighted directed graphs. Similar results hold if the consistency condition is weakened to eventual consistency. Finally we show that the directed de Bruijn graphs of shifts of finite type do not yield $k$-dependent insertion processes, assuming eventual consistency.


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Avi Levy. "Finitely dependent insertion processes." Electron. J. Probab. 22 1 - 19, 2017.


Received: 3 April 2016; Accepted: 1 February 2017; Published: 2017
First available in Project Euclid: 12 April 2017

zbMATH: 1362.60037
MathSciNet: MR3646058
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/17-EJP35

Primary: 05C15 , 60C05 , 60G10

Keywords: Directed graph , m-dependence , Proper coloring , shift of finite type , stationary process , weighted graph

Vol.22 • 2017
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