We prove N. Takahashi’s conjecture determining the contribution of each contact point in genus-0 maximal contact Gromov–Witten theory of relative to a smooth cubic E. This is a new example of a question in Gromov–Witten theory that can be fully solved despite the presence of contracted components and multiple covers. The proof relies on a tropical computation of the Gromov–Witten invariants and on the interpretation of the tropical picture as describing wall-crossing in the derived category of coherent sheaves on .
The same techniques allow us to prove a new sheaves/Gromov–Witten correspondence, relating Betti numbers of moduli spaces of one-dimensional Gieseker semistable sheaves on , or equivalently, refined genus-0 Gopakumar–Vafa invariants of local , with higher-genus maximal contact Gromov–Witten theory of . The correspondence involves the nontrivial change of variables , where y is the refined/cohomological variable on the sheaf side, and ℏ is the genus variable on the Gromov–Witten side. We explain how this correspondence can be heuristically motivated by a combination of mirror symmetry and hyper-Kähler rotation.
"A proof of N. Takahashi’s conjecture for and a refined sheaves/Gromov–Witten correspondence." Duke Math. J. 172 (15) 2895 - 2955, 15 October 2023. https://doi.org/10.1215/00127094-2022-0095