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The main result is a short effective proof of Tao Li’s theorem that a closed non-Haken hyperbolic -manifold has at most finitely many irreducible Heegaard splittings. Along the way we show that has finitely many branched surfaces of pinched negative sectional curvature carrying all closed index- minimal surfaces. This effective result, together with the sequel with Daniel Ketover, solves the classification problem for Heegaard splittings of non-Haken hyperbolic -manifolds.
The long-standing classification problem in the theory of Heegaard splittings of -manifolds is to exhibit for each closed -manifold a complete list, without duplication, of all its irreducible Heegaard surfaces, up to isotopy. We solve this problem for non-Haken hyperbolic -manifolds.
We use the large deviation approach to sum rules pioneered by Gamboa, Nagel, and Rouault to prove higher-order sum rules for orthogonal polynomials on the unit circle. In particular, we prove one half of a conjectured sum rule of Lukic in the case of two singular points, one simple and one double. This is important because it is known that the conjecture of Simon fails in exactly this case, so this article provides support for the idea that Lukic’s replacement for Simon’s conjecture might be true.
In this article we introduce and study uniform and nonuniform approximate lattices in locally compact second countable (lcsc) groups. These are approximate subgroups (in the sense of Tao) which simultaneously generalize lattices in lcsc group and mathematical quasicrystals (Meyer sets) in lcsc Abelian groups. We show that envelopes of strong approximate lattices are unimodular and that approximate lattices in nilpotent groups are uniform. We also establish several results relating properties of approximate lattices and their envelopes. For example, we prove a version of the Milnor–Schwarz lemma for uniform approximate lattices in compactly generated lcsc groups, which we then use to relate the metric amenability of uniform approximate lattices to the amenability of the envelope. Finally we extend a theorem of Kleiner and Leeb to show that the isometry groups of irreducible higher-rank symmetric spaces of noncompact type are quasi-isometrically rigid with respect to finitely generated approximate groups.