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We show that so-called splash singularities cannot develop in the case of locally smooth solutions of the two-fluid interfaces in two dimensions. More precisely, we show that the scenario of formation of singularities discovered by Castro, Córdoba, Fefferman, Gancedo, and Gómez-Serrano in the case of the water waves system, in which the interface remains locally smooth but self-intersects in finite time, is completely prevented in the case of two-fluid interfaces with positive densities.
Let be an arithmetic hyperbolic surface arising from a quaternion division algebra over . Let be a Hecke–Maass form on , and let be a geodesic segment. We obtain a power saving over the local bound of Burq, Gérard, and Tzvetkov for the -norm of restricted to , by extending the technique of arithmetic amplification developed by Iwaniec and Sarnak. We also improve the local bounds for various Fourier coefficients of along .
We prove the existence of a complete asymptotic expansion of the spectral function (the integral kernel of the spectral projection) of a Schrödinger operator acting in when the potential is real and either smooth periodic, or generic quasiperiodic (finite linear combination of exponentials), or belongs to a wide class of almost-periodic functions.
We study the asymmetric six-vertex model in the quadrant with parameters on the stochastic line. We show that the random height function of the model converges to an explicit deterministic limit shape as the mesh size tends to . We further prove that the one-point fluctuations around the limit shape are asymptotically governed by the GUE Tracy–Widom distribution. We also explain an equivalent formulation of our model as an interacting particle system, which can be viewed as a discrete time generalization of ASEP started from the step initial condition. Our results confirm a 1992 prediction of Gwa and Spohn that this system belongs to the KPZ universality class.