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We prove both the group version and the Lie algebra version of the fundamental lemma appearing in a relative trace formula of Jacquet and Rallis in the function field case when the characteristic is greater than the rank of the relevant groups. In the appendix by Gordon, our results are transferred to the -adic field case, for sufficiently large .
In this paper we provide a well-posedness theory for weak measure solutions of the Cauchy problem for a family of nonlocal interaction equations. These equations are continuum models for interacting particle systems with attractive/repulsive pairwise interaction potentials. The main phenomenon of interest is that, even with smooth initial data, the solutions can concentrate mass in finite time. We develop an existence theory that enables one to go beyond the blow-up time in classical norms and allows for solutions to form atomic parts of the measure in finite time. The weak measure solutions are shown to be unique and exist globally in time. Moreover, in the case of sufficiently attractive potentials, we show the finite-time total collapse of the solution onto a single point for compactly supported initial measures. Our approach is based on the theory of gradient flows in the space of probability measures endowed with the Wasserstein metric. In addition to classical tools, we exploit the stability of the flow with respect to the transportation distance to greatly simplify many problems by reducing them to questions about particle approximations.
This paper initiated an investigation on the following question: Suppose that a smooth -manifold does not admit any smooth circle actions. Does there exist a constant such that the manifold supports no smooth -actions of prime order for ? We gave affirmative results to this question for the case of holomorphic and symplectic actions, with an interesting finding that the constant in the holomorphic case is topological in nature, while in the symplectic case it involves also the smooth structure of the manifold.
We study Lebesgue integration of sums of products of globally subanalytic functions and their logarithms, called constructible functions. Our first theorem states that the class of constructible functions is stable under integration. The second theorem treats integrability conditions in Fubini-type settings, and the third result gives decay rates at infinity for constructible functions. Further, we give preparation results for constructible functions related to integrability conditions.
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