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In this paper the following improvement on Freiman's theorem on set addition is obtained (see Theorems 1 and 2 in Section 1).
Let be a finite set such that . Then A is contained in a proper d-dimensional progression P, where and .
Earlier bounds involved exponential dependence in α in the second estimate. Our argument combines I. Ruzsa's method, which we improve in several places, as well as Y. Bilu's proof of Freiman's theorem.
We develop a theory of geometrically controlled branched covering maps between metric spaces that are generalized cohomology manifolds. Our notion extends that of maps of bounded length distortion, or BLD-maps, from Euclidean spaces. We give a construction that generalizes an extension theorem for branched covers by I. Berstein and A. Edmonds. We apply the theory and the construction to show that certain reasonable metric spaces that were shown by S. Semmes not to admit bi-Lipschitz parametrizations by a Euclidean space nevertheless admit BLD-maps into Euclidean space of same dimension.