We propose a new class of estimators for Pickands dependence function which is based on the concept of minimum distance estimation. An explicit integral representation of the function A*(t), which minimizes a weighted L2-distance between the logarithm of the copula C(y1−t, yt) and functions of the form A(t)log(y) is derived. If the unknown copula is an extreme-value copula, the function A*(t) coincides with Pickands dependence function. Moreover, even if this is not the case, the function A*(t) always satisfies the boundary conditions of a Pickands dependence function. The estimators are obtained by replacing the unknown copula by its empirical counterpart and weak convergence of the corresponding process is shown. A comparison with the commonly used estimators is performed from a theoretical point of view and by means of a simulation study. Our asymptotic and numerical results indicate that some of the new estimators outperform the estimators, which were recently proposed by Genest and Segers [Ann. Statist. 37 (2009) 2990–3022]. As a by-product of our results, we obtain a simple test for the hypothesis of an extreme-value copula, which is consistent against all positive quadrant dependent alternatives satisfying weak differentiability assumptions of first order.
"New estimators of the Pickands dependence function and a test for extreme-value dependence." Ann. Statist. 39 (4) 1963 - 2006, August 2011. https://doi.org/10.1214/11-AOS890