Application of nonparametric density estimators generally requires the specification of a "smoothing parameter." The kernel estimator, for example, is not fully defined until a window width, or scaling, for the kernels has been chosen. Many "data-driven" techniques have been suggested for the practical choice of smoothing parameter. Of these, the most widely studied is the method of cross-validation. Our own simulations, as well as those of many other investigators, indicate that cross-validated smoothing can be an extremely effective practical solution. However, many of the most basic properties of cross-validated estimators are unknown. Indeed, recent results show that cross-validated estimators can fail even to be consistent for seemingly well-behaved problems. In this paper we will review the application of cross-validation to the smoothing problem, and establish $L_1$ consistency for certain cross-validated kernels and histograms.
"Consistent Cross-Validated Density Estimation." Ann. Statist. 11 (1) 25 - 38, March, 1983. https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1176346053