In this paper, we define and study a ring associated to a graph that we call the cographic toric face ring or simply the cographic ring. The cographic ring is the toric face ring defined by the following equivalent combinatorial structures of a graph: the cographic arrangement of hyperplanes, the Voronoi polytope, and the poset of totally cyclic orientations. We describe the properties of the cographic ring and, in particular, relate the invariants of the ring to the invariants of the corresponding graph.
Our study of the cographic ring fits into a body of work on describing rings constructed from graphs. Among the rings that can be constructed from a graph, cographic rings are particularly interesting because they appear in the study of compactified Jacobians of nodal curves.
"The geometry and combinatorics of cographic toric face rings." Algebra Number Theory 7 (8) 1781 - 1815, 2013. https://doi.org/10.2140/ant.2013.7.1781