Open Access
2013 Graphs of Hecke operators
Oliver Lorscheid
Algebra Number Theory 7(1): 19-61 (2013). DOI: 10.2140/ant.2013.7.19


Let X be a curve over Fq with function field F. In this paper, we define a graph for each Hecke operator with fixed ramification. A priori, these graphs can be seen as a convenient language to organize formulas for the action of Hecke operators on automorphic forms. However, they will prove to be a powerful tool for explicit calculations and proofs of finite dimensionality results.

We develop a structure theory for certain graphs Gx of unramified Hecke operators, which is of a similar vein to Serre’s theory of quotients of Bruhat–Tits trees. To be precise, Gx is locally a quotient of a Bruhat–Tits tree and has finitely many components. An interpretation of Gx in terms of rank 2 bundles on X and methods from reduction theory show that Gx is the union of finitely many cusps, which are infinite subgraphs of a simple nature, and a nucleus, which is a finite subgraph that depends heavily on the arithmetic of F.

We describe how one recovers unramified automorphic forms as functions on the graphs Gx. In the exemplary cases of the cuspidal and the toroidal condition, we show how a linear condition on functions on Gx leads to a finite dimensionality result. In particular, we reobtain the finite-dimensionality of the space of unramified cusp forms and the space of unramified toroidal automorphic forms.

In an appendix, we calculate a variety of examples of graphs over rational function fields.


Download Citation

Oliver Lorscheid. "Graphs of Hecke operators." Algebra Number Theory 7 (1) 19 - 61, 2013.


Received: 11 April 2011; Revised: 25 January 2012; Accepted: 22 February 2012; Published: 2013
First available in Project Euclid: 20 December 2017

zbMATH: 1292.11061
MathSciNet: MR3037889
Digital Object Identifier: 10.2140/ant.2013.7.19

Primary: 11F41
Secondary: 05C75 , 11G20 , 14H60 , 20C08

Keywords: automorphic forms , Bruhat–Tits tree , curve over a finite field , Hecke operator , vector bundles

Rights: Copyright © 2013 Mathematical Sciences Publishers

Vol.7 • No. 1 • 2013
Back to Top