Open Access
January Spatio-temporal Predictions using Multivariate Singular Spectrum Analysis
Richard Awichi
Afr. Stat. 13(1): 1499-1509 (January). DOI: 10.16929/as/1499.116


In this paper, we present a method for utilizing the usually intrinsic spatial information in spatial data sets to improve the quality of temporal predictions within the framework of singular spectrum analysis (SSA) techniques. The SSA-based techniques constitute a model free approach to time series analysis and ordinarily, SSA can be applied to any time series with a notable structure. Indeed it has a wide area of application including social sciences, medical sciences, finance, environmental sciences, mathematics, dynamical systems and economics. SSA has two broad aims: i) To make a decomposition of the original series into a sum of a small number of independent and interpretable components such as a slowly varying trend, oscillatory components and a structure-less noise. ii) To reconstruct the decomposed series for further analysis in the absence of the noise component. Multivariate singular spectrum analysis (MSSA) is an extension of SSA to multivariate statistics and takes advantage of the delay procedure to obtain a similar formulation as SSA though with larger matrices for multivariate data. In situations where spatial data is an important focus of investigation, it is not uncommon to have attributes whose values change with space and time and an accurate prediction is thus important. The usual question asked is whether the intrinsic location parameters in spatial data can improve data analysis of such data sets. The proposed method is based on the Inverse Distance Weighting and is exemplified on climate data. Results show that the proposed technique of incorporating spatial dependence into MSSA analysis leads to improved quality of statistical inference.

Dans cet article, nous présentons une méthode qui utilise les informations spatiales intrinsèques de données spatiales pour améliorer la qualité des prédictions temporelles dans le cadre de techniques d'analyse multivariée spectrale singulière (MSSA). La question habituelle posée est savoir si les paramètres de localisation intrinsèques des données spatiales peuvent améliorer l'analyse de telles données. La méthode proposée est basée sur la notion Inverse Distance Weighting. Elle est appliquées à des données climatiques. Les résultats montrent que la technique proposée d'intégration de la dépendance spatiale dans l'analyse MSSA conduit à une amélioration de la qualité de l'inférence statistique.


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Richard Awichi. "Spatio-temporal Predictions using Multivariate Singular Spectrum Analysis." Afr. Stat. 13 (1) 1499 - 1509, January.


Published: January
First available in Project Euclid: 17 May 2018

zbMATH: 06875472
MathSciNet: MR3803695
Digital Object Identifier: 10.16929/as/1499.116

Primary: 62H11 , 62M15

Keywords: Inverse Distance Weighting , MSSA , spatial dependence , time series analysis

Rights: Copyright © 2018 The Statistics and Probability African Society

Vol.13 • No. 1 • January
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