Statistical Science

Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis

Richard A. Becker, William S. Cleveland, and Allan R. Wilks

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Abstract

Dynamic graphical methods have two important properties: direct manipulation of graphical elements on a computer graphics screen and virtually instantaneous change of the elements. The data analyst takes an action through manual manipulation of an input device and something happens in real time on the screen. These computing capabilities provide a new medium for the invention of graphical methods for data analysis. A collection of such methods--identification, deletion, linking, brushing, scaling, rotation, and dynamic parameter control--is reviewed. Those who develop dynamic methods must deal with a number of computer hardware and software issues, because for a dynamic method to work there must be a sufficiently fast flow of information along the channel that starts with the analyst's input and ends with the changed graph. Furthermore, for a dynamic method to be useful, the visual and manual tasks must be easy to perform. Several computing issues dealing with speed and ease of use--system bandwidth, input and output devices, low-level algorithms, device independent graphics, and data analysis environments--are reviewed.

Article information

Source
Statist. Sci., Volume 2, Number 4 (1987), 355-383.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 19 April 2007

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ss/1177013104

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/ss/1177013104

JSTOR
links.jstor.org

Keywords
Statistical graphics computer graphics brushing rotation multivariate analysis software hardware

Citation

Becker, Richard A.; Cleveland, William S.; Wilks, Allan R. Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis. Statist. Sci. 2 (1987), no. 4, 355--383. doi:10.1214/ss/1177013104. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ss/1177013104


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See also

  • See Comment: John W. Tukey. [Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis]: Comment. Statist. Sci., Volume 2, Number 4 (1987), 383--385.
  • See Comment: Peter J. Huber. [Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis]: Comment. Statist. Sci., Volume 2, Number 4 (1987), 385--386.
  • See Comment: William F. Eddy. [Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis]: Comment. Statist. Sci., Volume 2, Number 4 (1987), 386--387.
  • See Comment: Howard Wainer. [Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis]: Comment: Deja View. Statist. Sci., Volume 2, Number 4 (1987), 388--389.
  • See Comment: Edward R. Tufte. [Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis]: Comment. Statist. Sci., Volume 2, Number 4 (1987), 389--392.
  • See Comment: Richard A. Becker, William S. Cleveland, Allan R. Wilks. [Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis]: Rejoinder. Statist. Sci., Volume 2, Number 4 (1987), 392--395.