Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

Uniformly convex operators and martingale type

Jörg Wenzel

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The concept of uniform convexity of a Banach space was generalized to linear operators between Banach spaces and studied by Beauzamy. Under this generalization, a Banach space $X$ is uniformly convex if and only if its identity map $I_X$ is. Pisier showed that uniformly convex Banach spaces have martingale type $p$ for some $p>1$. We show that this fact is in general not true for linear operators. To remedy the situation, we introduce the new concept of martingale subtype and show, that it is equivalent, also in the operator case, to the existence of an equivalent uniformly convex norm on $X$. In the case of identity maps it is also equivalent to having martingale type $p$ for some $p>1$. Our main method is to use sequences of ideal norms defined on the class of all linear operators and to study the factorization of the finite summation operators. There is a certain analogy with the theory of Rademacher type.

Article information

Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana, Volume 18, Number 1 (2002), 211-230.

First available in Project Euclid: 18 February 2003

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 46B03: Isomorphic theory (including renorming) of Banach spaces
Secondary: 47A30: Norms (inequalities, more than one norm, etc.) 46B07: Local theory of Banach spaces

Banach spaces linear operators martingale type martingale subtype superreflexivity uniform convexity summation operator


Wenzel, Jörg. Uniformly convex operators and martingale type. Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana 18 (2002), no. 1, 211--230.

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