## Proceedings of the Centre for Mathematics and its Applications

- Proc. Centre Math. Appl.
- AMSI International Conference on Harmonic Analysis and Applications. Xuan Duong, Jeff Hogan, Chris Meaney, and Adam Sikora, eds. Proceedings of the Centre for Mathematics and its Applications, v. 45. (Canberra AUS: Centre for Mathematics and its Applications, Mathematical Sciences Institute, The Australian National University, 2013), 63 - 82

### Tight frames and rotations: sharp bounds on eigenvalues of the Laplacian

#### Abstract

Isoperimetric estimates stretch back for thousands of years in geometry, and for more than a hundred years in harmonic analysis and mathematical physics. We will touch on some of these highlights before describing recent progress that uses rotational symmetry to prove sharp upper bounds on sums of eigenvalues of the Laplacian. For example, we prove in 2 dimensions that the scale-normalized eigenvalue sum \[ (\lambda_1 + \cdots + \lambda_n) \frac{A^3}{I} \] (where $A$ denotes area and $I$ is moment of inertia about the centroid) is maximized among triangles by the equilateral triangle, for each $n \geq 1$. This theorem, which is due to the author and B. A. Siudeja, generalizes a result of Pólya for the fundamental tone.

Numerous related problems will be discussed, such as the inverse spectral and spectral gap problems for triangular domains.

#### Article information

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid:
3 December 2014

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/
euclid.pcma/1417630506

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR3424868

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

1338.42044

#### Citation

Laugesen, R. S. Tight frames and rotations: sharp bounds on eigenvalues of the Laplacian. AMSI International Conference on Harmonic Analysis and Applications, 63--82, Centre for Mathematics and its Applications, Mathematical Sciences Institute, The Australian National University, Canberra AUS, 2013. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.pcma/1417630506