Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics

Minimization of the Principal Eigenvalue for an Elliptic Boundary Value Problem with Indefinite Weight, and Applications to Population Dynamics

Yuan Lou and Eiji Yanagida

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

This paper is concerned with an indefinite weight linear eigenvalue problem which is related with biological invasions of species. We investigate the minimization of the positive principal eigenvalue under the constraint that the weight is bounded by a positive and a negative constant and the total weight is a fixed negative constant. For an arbitrary domain, it is shown that every global minimizer must be of ``bang-bang'' type. When the domain is an interval, it is proved that there are exactly two global minimizers, for which the weight is positive at one end of the interval and is negative in the remainder. The biological implication is that a single favorable region at one end of the habitat provides the best opportunity for the species to survive, and also that the least fragmented habitat provides the best chance for the population to maintain its genetic variability.

Article information

Source
Japan J. Indust. Appl. Math., Volume 23, Number 3 (2006), 275-292.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 11 December 2007

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jjiam/1197390801

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR2281509

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1185.35059

Keywords
principal eigenvalue global minimizer population dynamics

Citation

Lou, Yuan; Yanagida, Eiji. Minimization of the Principal Eigenvalue for an Elliptic Boundary Value Problem with Indefinite Weight, and Applications to Population Dynamics. Japan J. Indust. Appl. Math. 23 (2006), no. 3, 275--292. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jjiam/1197390801


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