Electronic Journal of Statistics
- Electron. J. Statist.
- Volume 10, Number 1 (2016), 394-422.
Identifiability of directed Gaussian graphical models with one latent source
We study parameter identifiability of directed Gaussian graphical models with one latent variable. In the scenario we consider, the latent variable is a confounder that forms a source node of the graph and is a parent to all other nodes, which correspond to the observed variables. We give a graphical condition that is sufficient for the Jacobian matrix of the parametrization map to be full rank, which entails that the parametrization is generically finite-to-one, a fact that is sometimes also referred to as local identifiability. We also derive a graphical condition that is necessary for such identifiability. Finally, we give a condition under which generic parameter identifiability can be determined from identifiability of a model associated with a subgraph. The power of these criteria is assessed via an exhaustive algebraic computational study for small models with 4, 5, and 6 observable variables, and a simulation study for large models with 25 or 35 observable variables.
Electron. J. Statist., Volume 10, Number 1 (2016), 394-422.
Received: May 2015
First available in Project Euclid: 24 February 2016
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Leung, Dennis; Drton, Mathias; Hara, Hisayuki. Identifiability of directed Gaussian graphical models with one latent source. Electron. J. Statist. 10 (2016), no. 1, 394--422. doi:10.1214/16-EJS1111. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ejs/1456322680