Electronic Journal of Probability

Coexistence in a Two-Dimensional Lotka-Volterra Model

J. Theodore Cox, Mathieu Merle, and Edwin Perkins

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We study the stochastic spatial model for competing species introduced by Neuhauser and Pacala in two spatial dimensions. In particular we confirm a conjecture of theirs by showing that there is coexistence of types when the competition parameters between types are equal and less than, and close to, the within types parameter. In fact coexistence is established on a thorn-shaped region in parameter space including the above piece of the diagonal. The result is delicate since coex- istence fails for the two-dimensional voter model which corresponds to the tip of the thorn. The proof uses a convergence theorem showing that a rescaled process converges to super-Brownian motion even when the parameters converge to those of the voter model at a very slow rate.

Article information

Electron. J. Probab., Volume 15 (2010), paper no. 38, 1190-1266.

Accepted: 9 August 2010
First available in Project Euclid: 1 June 2016

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 60K35: Interacting random processes; statistical mechanics type models; percolation theory [See also 82B43, 82C43]
Secondary: 60G57: Random measures 60J80: Branching processes (Galton-Watson, birth-and-death, etc.)

Lotka-Volterra voter model super-Brownian motion spatial competition coalescing random walk coexistence survival

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Cox, J. Theodore; Merle, Mathieu; Perkins, Edwin. Coexistence in a Two-Dimensional Lotka-Volterra Model. Electron. J. Probab. 15 (2010), paper no. 38, 1190--1266. doi:10.1214/EJP.v15-795. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ejp/1464819823

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