## Bernoulli

- Bernoulli
- Volume 24, Number 1 (2018), 465-492.

### Power of the spacing test for least-angle regression

Jean-Marc Azaïs, Yohann De Castro, and Stéphane Mourareau

#### Abstract

Recent advances in Post-Selection Inference have shown that conditional testing is relevant and tractable in high-dimensions. In the Gaussian linear model, further works have derived unconditional test statistics such as the Kac–Rice Pivot for general penalized problems. In order to test the global null, a prominent offspring of this breakthrough is the Spacing test that accounts the relative separation between the first two knots of the celebrated least-angle regression (LARS) algorithm. However, no results have been shown regarding the distribution of these test statistics under the alternative. For the first time, this paper addresses this important issue for the Spacing test and shows that it is unconditionally unbiased. Furthermore, we provide the first extension of the Spacing test to the frame of unknown noise variance.

More precisely, we investigate the power of the Spacing test for LARS and prove that it is unbiased: its power is always greater or equal to the significance level $\alpha$. In particular, we describe the power of this test under various scenarii: we prove that its rejection region is optimal when the predictors are orthogonal; as the level $\alpha$ goes to zero, we show that the probability of getting a true positive is much greater than $\alpha$; and we give a detailed description of its power in the case of two predictors. Moreover, we numerically investigate a comparison between the Spacing test for LARS, the Pearson’s chi-squared test (goodness of fit) and a numerical testing procedure based on the maximal correlation.

When the noise variance is unknown, our analysis unleashes a new test statistic that can be computed in cubic time in the population size and which we refer to as the $t$-Spacing test for LARS. The $t$-Spacing test involves the first two knots of the LARS algorithm and we give its distribution under the null hypothesis. Interestingly, numerical experiments witness that the $t$-Spacing test for LARS enjoys the same aforementioned properties as the Spacing test.

#### Article information

**Source**

Bernoulli, Volume 24, Number 1 (2018), 465-492.

**Dates**

Received: October 2015

Revised: May 2016

First available in Project Euclid: 27 July 2017

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.bj/1501142452

**Digital Object Identifier**

doi:10.3150/16-BEJ885

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR3706766

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

1381.62110

**Keywords**

hypothesis testing $\ell_{1}$-minimization power spacing test

#### Citation

Azaïs, Jean-Marc; De Castro, Yohann; Mourareau, Stéphane. Power of the spacing test for least-angle regression. Bernoulli 24 (2018), no. 1, 465--492. doi:10.3150/16-BEJ885. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.bj/1501142452