Bulletin of the Belgian Mathematical Society - Simon Stevin

Positive elements of left amenable Lau algebras

B. Mohammadzadeh and R. Nasr-Isfahani

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Abstract

In the present paper, we deal with a large class of Banach algebras known as Lau algebras. It is well-known that if ${\frak A}$ is a left amenable Lau algebra, then any $f\in {\frak A}$ such that $|fg|=|f|g$ for all $g\in {\frak A}$ with $g\geq 0$ is a scalar multiple of a positive element in ${\frak A}$. We show that this result remains valid for the group algebra $\ell^1(G)$ of any, not necessarily amenable, discrete group $G$. We also give an example which shows that the result is, in general, not true without the hypothesis of left amenability of ${\frak A}$. This resolves negatively an open problem raised by F. Ghahramani and A. T. Lau.

Article information

Source
Bull. Belg. Math. Soc. Simon Stevin, Volume 13, Number 2 (2006), 319-324.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 19 May 2006

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.bbms/1148059466

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.36045/bbms/1148059466

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR2259910

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1166.46026

Subjects
Primary: 46H05: General theory of topological algebras 43A07: Means on groups, semigroups, etc.; amenable groups
Secondary: 43A20: $L^1$-algebras on groups, semigroups, etc.

Keywords
Absolute value Lau algebra left amenability positive element

Citation

Mohammadzadeh, B.; Nasr-Isfahani, R. Positive elements of left amenable Lau algebras. Bull. Belg. Math. Soc. Simon Stevin 13 (2006), no. 2, 319--324. doi:10.36045/bbms/1148059466. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.bbms/1148059466


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