Analysis & PDE

  • Anal. PDE
  • Volume 10, Number 2 (2017), 481-512.

Global dynamics below the standing waves for the focusing semilinear Schrödinger equation with a repulsive Dirac delta potential

Masahiro Ikeda and Takahisa Inui

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We consider the focusing mass-supercritical semilinear Schrödinger equation with a repulsive Dirac delta potential on the real line :

itu + 1 2x2u + γδ 0u + |u|p1u = 0,(t,x) × , u(0,x) = u0(x) H1(),

where γ 0, δ0 denotes the Dirac delta with the mass at the origin, and p > 5. By a result of Fukuizumi, Ohta, and Ozawa (2008), it is known that the system above is locally well-posed in the energy space H1() and there exist standing wave solutions eiωtQω,γ(x) when ω > 1 2γ2, where Qω,γ is a unique radial positive solution to 1 2x2Q + ωQ γδ 0Q = |Q|p1Q. Our aim in the present paper is to find a necessary and sufficient condition on the data below the standing wave eiωtQω,0 to determine the global behavior of the solution. The similar result for NLS without potential (γ = 0) was obtained by Akahori and Nawa (2013); the scattering result was also extended by Fang, Xie, and Cazenave (2011). Our proof of the scattering result is based on the argument of Banica and Visciglia (2016), who proved all solutions scatter in the defocusing and repulsive case (γ < 0) by the Kenig–Merle method (2006). However, the method of Banica and Visciglia cannot be applicable to our problem because the energy may be negative in the focusing case. To overcome this difficulty, we use the variational argument based on the work of Ibrahim, Masmoudi, and Nakanishi (2011). Our proof of the blow-up result is based on the method of Du, Wu, and Zhang (2016). Moreover, we determine the global dynamics of the radial solution whose mass-energy is larger than that of the standing wave eiωtQω,0. The difference comes from the existence of the potential.

Article information

Anal. PDE, Volume 10, Number 2 (2017), 481-512.

Received: 16 September 2016
Accepted: 28 November 2016
First available in Project Euclid: 16 November 2017

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 35P25: Scattering theory [See also 47A40] 35Q55: NLS-like equations (nonlinear Schrödinger) [See also 37K10] 47J35: Nonlinear evolution equations [See also 34G20, 35K90, 35L90, 35Qxx, 35R20, 37Kxx, 37Lxx, 47H20, 58D25]

global dynamics standing waves nonlinear Schrödinger equation Dirac delta potential


Ikeda, Masahiro; Inui, Takahisa. Global dynamics below the standing waves for the focusing semilinear Schrödinger equation with a repulsive Dirac delta potential. Anal. PDE 10 (2017), no. 2, 481--512. doi:10.2140/apde.2017.10.481.

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