## The Annals of Statistics

- Ann. Statist.
- Volume 15, Number 1 (1987), 456-461.

### Is the Selected Population the Best?

#### Abstract

Random variables $X_i \sim N(\theta_i, 1), i = 1,2,\cdots, k$, are observed. Suppose $X_S$ is the largest observation. If the inference $\theta_S > \max_{i\neq S}\theta_i$ is made whenever $X_S - \max_{i\neq S}X_i > c$, then the probability of a false inference is maximized when two $\theta_i$ are equal and the rest are $-\infty$. Equivalently, the inference can be made whenever a two-sample two-sided test for difference of means, based on the largest two observations, would reject the hypothesis of no difference. The result also holds in the case of unknown, estimable, common variance, and in fact for location families with monotone likelihood ratio.

#### Article information

**Source**

Ann. Statist., Volume 15, Number 1 (1987), 456-461.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 12 April 2007

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1176350281

**Digital Object Identifier**

doi:10.1214/aos/1176350281

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR885752

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

0623.62021

**JSTOR**

links.jstor.org

**Subjects**

Primary: 62F03: Hypothesis testing

Secondary: 62F07: Ranking and selection

**Keywords**

Selection retrospective hypotheses monotone likelihood ratio

#### Citation

Gutmann, Sam; Maymin, Zakhar. Is the Selected Population the Best?. Ann. Statist. 15 (1987), no. 1, 456--461. doi:10.1214/aos/1176350281. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1176350281