## The Annals of Statistics

- Ann. Statist.
- Volume 24, Number 5 (1996), 2128-2147.

### Optimal designs for rational models

Zhuoqiong He, William J. Studden, and Dongchu Sun

#### Abstract

In this paper, experimental designs for a rational model, $Y = P(x)/Q(x) + \varepsilon$, are investigated, where $P(x) = \theta_0 + \theta_1 x + \dots + \theta_p x^p$ and $Q(x) = 1 + \theta_{p + 1} x + \dots + \theta_{p+q} x^q$ are polynomials and $\varepsilon$ is a random error. Two approaches, Bayesian *D*-optimal and Bayesian optimal design for extrapolation, are examined. The first criterion maximizes the expected increase in Shannon information provided by the experiment asymptotically, and the second minimizes the asymptotic variance of the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) of the mean response at an extrapolation point $x_e$. Corresponding locally optimal designs are also discussed. Conditions are derived under which a $p + q + 1$-point design is a locally *D*-optimal design. The Bayesian *D*-optimal design is shown to be independent of the parameters in $P(x)$ and to be equally weighted at each support point if the number of support points is the same as the number of parameters in the model. The existence and uniqueness of the locally optimal design for extrapolation are proven. The number of support points for the locally optimal design for extrapolation is exactly $p + q + 1$. These $p + q + 1$ design points are proved to be independent of the extrapolation point x e and the parameters in $P(x)$. The corresponding weights are also independent of the parameters in $P(x)$, but depend on $x_e$ and are not equal.

#### Article information

**Source**

Ann. Statist., Volume 24, Number 5 (1996), 2128-2147.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 20 November 2003

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1069362314

**Digital Object Identifier**

doi:10.1214/aos/1069362314

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR1421165

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

0867.62063

**Subjects**

Primary: 62K05: Optimal designs

Secondary: 62L99: None of the above, but in this section 62F15: Bayesian inference

**Keywords**

Nonlinear regression rational model Bayesian $D$-optimal design Bayesian optimal design

#### Citation

He, Zhuoqiong; Studden, William J.; Sun, Dongchu. Optimal designs for rational models. Ann. Statist. 24 (1996), no. 5, 2128--2147. doi:10.1214/aos/1069362314. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1069362314