Asian Journal of Mathematics

Noether's problem and unramified Brauer groups

Akinari Hoshi, Ming-Chang Kang, and Boris E. Kunyavskii

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Abstract

Let $k$ be any field, $G$ be a finite group acting on the rational function field $k(x_g : g \in G)$ by $h \cdot x_g = x_{hg}$ for any $h, g \in G$. Define $k(G) = k(x_g : g \in G)^G$. Noether's problem asks whether $k(G)$ is rational (= purely transcendental) over $k$. It is known that, if $\mathbb{C}(G)$ is rational over $\mathbb{C}$, then $B_0(G) = 0$ where $B_0(G)$ is the unramified Brauer group of $\mathbb{C}(G)$ over $\mathbb{C}$. Bogomolov showed that, if $G$ is a $p$-group of order $p^5$, then $B_0(G) = 0$. This result was disproved by Moravec for $p = 3, 5, 7$ by computer calculations. We will prove the following theorem. Theorem. Let $p$ be any odd prime number, $G$ be a group of order $p^5$. Then $B_0(G) \neq 0$ if and only if $G$ belongs to the isoclinism family ${\Phi}_{10}$ in R. James's classification of groups of order $p^5$.

Article information

Source
Asian J. Math., Volume 17, Number 4 (2013), 689-714.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 22 August 2014

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ajm/1408712350

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR3152260

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1291.13012

Subjects
Primary: 13A50: Actions of groups on commutative rings; invariant theory [See also 14L24] 14E08: Rationality questions [See also 14M20] 14M20: Rational and unirational varieties [See also 14E08] 20J06: Cohomology of groups 12F12: Inverse Galois theory

Keywords
Noether’s problem rationality problem unramified Brauer groups Bogomolov multipliers rationality retract rationality

Citation

Hoshi, Akinari; Kang, Ming-Chang; Kunyavskii, Boris E. Noether's problem and unramified Brauer groups. Asian J. Math. 17 (2013), no. 4, 689--714. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ajm/1408712350


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