Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincaré, Probabilités et Statistiques

Existence and asymptotic behaviour of some time-inhomogeneous diffusions

Mihai Gradinaru and Yoann Offret

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Let us consider a solution of a one-dimensional stochastic differential equation driven by a standard Brownian motion with time-inhomogeneous drift coefficient $\rho\operatorname{sgn}(x)|x|^{\alpha}/t^{\beta}$. This process can be viewed as a Brownian motion evolving in a potential, possibly singular, depending on time. We prove results on the existence and uniqueness of solution, study its asymptotic behaviour and made a precise description, in terms of parameters $\rho$, $\alpha$ and $\beta$, of the recurrence, transience and convergence. More precisely, asymptotic distributions, iterated logarithm type laws and rates of transience and explosion are proved for such processes.


Nous considérons la solution d’une équation différentielle stochastique, dirigée par un mouvement brownien linéaire standard, dont le terme de dérive varie avec le temps $\rho\operatorname{sgn}(x)|x|^{\alpha}/t^{\beta}$. Ce processus peut être vu comme un mouvement brownien évoluant dans un potentiel dépendant du temps, éventuellement singulier. Nous montrons des résultats d’existence et d’unicité et nous étudions le comportement asymptotique de la solution. Les propriétés de récurrence ou de transience de cette diffusion sont décrites en fonction des paramètres $\rho$, $\alpha$ et $\beta$, et nous donnons les vitesses de transience et d’explosion. Des résultats de convergence en loi et des lois de type logarithme itéré sont également obtenus.

Article information

Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Probab. Statist., Volume 49, Number 1 (2013), 182-207.

First available in Project Euclid: 29 January 2013

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Primary: 60J60: Diffusion processes [See also 58J65] 60H10: Stochastic ordinary differential equations [See also 34F05] 60J65: Brownian motion [See also 58J65] 60G17: Sample path properties 60F15: Strong theorems 60F05: Central limit and other weak theorems

Time-inhomogeneous diffusions Time dependent potential Singular stochastic differential equations Explosion times Scaling transformations Change of time Recurrence and transience Iterated logarithm type laws Asymptotic distributions


Gradinaru, Mihai; Offret, Yoann. Existence and asymptotic behaviour of some time-inhomogeneous diffusions. Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Probab. Statist. 49 (2013), no. 1, 182--207. doi:10.1214/11-AIHP469.

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